URGENT: Click here for updated parking instructions

Our Health Library information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Please be advised that this information is made available to assist our patients to learn more about their health. Our providers may not see and/or treat all topics found herein.


For birth control.

Brand Name(s): ParaGard

Generic Name: Copper IUD


A negative pregnancy test may be needed before receiving this medicine.

A second form of birth control may be needed for the first week after the rod is placed. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about the need for back-up birth control.

Drug interactions can change how medicines work or increase risk for side effects. Tell your health care providers about all medicines taken. Include prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal medicines. Speak with your doctor or pharmacist before starting or stopping any medicine.

The IUD should be removed after 10 years. After removal, a new IUD can be inserted if treatment is to be continued.

Schedule a follow-up visit after your first menstrual period to make sure the device is still in place. Check the device monthly to make sure it is in the right place. Follow your doctor's instructions or those found in your patient materials.

Keep all appointments for medical exams and tests while on this medicine.


Some patients taking this medicine have experienced serious side effects. Please speak with your doctor to understand the risks and benefits associated with this medicine.

Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you ever had an allergic reaction to a medicine.

Talk to your doctor about getting a complete physical exam every year while on this medicine.

Check regularly to make sure the IUD is in the proper place. Contact your doctor right away if the IUD comes out or if you can not feel the threads.

It is unknown if this medicine passes into breast milk. Ask your doctor before breastfeeding.

Do not use this medicine if you are pregnant. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor immediately.

This medicine does not protect you or your partner against sexually transmitted diseases.

If you or your partner becomes infected with a sexually transmitted disease (STD), contact your doctor right away.

If you are having an MRI or a medical procedure involving heat therapy, make sure the person doing the procedure knows you are using this IUD.

Side Effects

The following is a list of some common side effects from this medicine. Please speak with your doctor about what you should do if you experience these or other side effects.

  • menstrual periods that are heavier or longer than usual
  • cramping of the uterus or bleeding from the vagina
  • vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods
  • temporary vaginal bleeding, pain or dizziness during or just after placement

Call your doctor or get medical help right away if you notice any of these more serious side effects:

  • severe abdominal or pelvic pain
  • fever or chills
  • continuous menstrual spotting or sudden heavy bleeding
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • vaginal itching or discharge

A few people may have an allergic reaction to this medicine. Symptoms can include difficulty breathing, skin rash, itching, swelling, or severe dizziness. If you notice any of these symptoms, seek medical help quickly.

Please speak with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist if you have any questions about this medicine.